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Mykola Zharkikh (Kyiv)

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Halych and Tatars

Nicholas Zharkikh

Shortened text of the section. Full text in ukrainian version.

: The General Prosecutor’s Office recorded 11,488 Russian war crimes in Ukraine, of which about 2,500 .

And this is against the background of the ongoing battle for Donbas.

Under these conditions, I will continue (April 22, 2022 at 8:00 a.m.).

Igor Ivaskiv published the article "Was Halych captured by the Mongols in 1241?" [Rus in the era of Mongol invasions (1223 – 1480). – Krakow: 2013, p. 70 – 76. This collection is part of the Colloquia russica series, and has as many as three title-pages, which presents a particular problem for the bibliography]. The essence of the view is clear from the name.

So, the view of I. Ivaskiv is interesting and encourages further system of researchs.

But in the book by B. Tomenchuk, which (among others) is referred to by I. Ivaskiv, something else is written about Halych: the fortifications of the princely castle burned down in the middle of the 13th century, and at the same time the wooden wall burned down with the buildings adjacent to it [Tomenchuk B. . Galicia-Bukovyna Prykarpattia. Research materials 1976-2006 – Ivano-Frankivsk: 2008, p. 501, 515].

I cannot delve into the question of pure archeology and analyze how is justified the date of the fire. But if we try to interpret the archaeological material, then this fire requires a historical explanation. It is possible that this is not a consequence of the actions of the Tatars, but then what was it? And why were the fortifications not rebuilt after it?

If we move this fire to a slightly earlier time, say, to the beginning of the 13th century, it turns out that during the entire push for Halych it stood destroyed, without fortifications, and the beginning of its decline was not caused by the Tatars, but began earlier. And this would fundamentally change our ideas about the content of the events in Galicia.