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Mykola Zharkikh (Kyiv)

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Rostislav’s "Lithuanian war" and his escape

Nicholas Zharkikh

Shortened text of the section. Full text in ukrainian version.

, that 18 people were killed as a result of yesterday’s rocket fire at a shopping center in Kremenchuk.

The new tactic of rotten-straw attacks consists in hitting public centers during the day (like the railway station in Kramatorsk), when one can expect a large number of visitors there and, accordingly, a large number of victims.

And for all of us, this is a reminder that the anti-Dührings from the russian Engels city can strike at any moment in our residential buildings. But I’m still alive, so I continue (June 28, 2022 at 8:06 am).

Myroslav Voloshchuk, devoting a special article to the political relations between Halych and Lithuania, does not doubt the reality of Rostislav’s campaign to Lithuania (T-147), but does not attach any importance to it [Voloshchuk M. in relations with Lithuania in the 12th – 14th centuries. – Ukrainian Historical Journal, 2018, No. 4, p. 8].

The majority of previous researchers also did not doubt this campaign.

Meanwhile, there are more than enough grounds for doubt.

Next we read:

[Rostislav] fled to Hungary along the path taken by Borsukiv dil. And he came to Banja, which is called Rodna, and from there he went to Hungary (Ipat-48).

The chronicle names two reference points here: Borsukiv Dil and Banja Rodna, followed by Hungary.

All the proposed options are unsatisfactory. If you are already fleeing from Halych to Hungary, then you should do it by the shortest route, through Veretsky or Uzhoksky passes.

Further, dil is not a pass, but a mountain massif or ridge surrounded by valleys. Borsukiv dil – an array that was once used by a man named Borsuk. Due to the lack of later references, its localization is impossible, it is only clear that it was located somewhere in the Carpathians.

Word banja in the Ukrainian language has several meanings, of which we are given "saltworks" [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language / B. Grinchenko, in 4 vols. – K.: Publication of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR, 1958, vol. 1, ; Etymological dictionary of the Ukrainian language. – K.: 1982, p. 136]. Two settlements with this name are known: Banja-Kotivska (now part of the Boryslav city) and Banja-Lysovytska (now defunct, it was located between Morshyn and Lysovychy, near the Stryj city) [History of towns and villages of the Ukrainian SSR. Lviv region. – K.: 1968, p. 99 – 101, 824]. Both objects are located in the Carpathian saltworks area, which stretches somewhere from Sambir to Kalush. The shortest road drawn above passes through this area of saltworks, and somewhere here was the currently unknown Rodna saltworks.