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Mykola Zharkikh (Kyiv)

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Geography

Nicholas Zharkikh

Shortened text of the section. Full text in ukrainian version.

The next point that no one of the researchers has ever paid attention to – are geographic names in synodikons.

Meanwhile, collecting these names, identifying and mapping them is a very interesting job, from which we learn about sphere of influence a monastery in which the synodikon was written. For example, there are two areas of influence:

Map of the geographical names of the…

Map of the geographical names of the Pechersk synodikon

Mapping the names of the current part…

Mapping the names of the current part of the Vvedensky synodikon
by historical regions

If at the turn of the 15th – 16th centuries zone of influence of the Kiev-Pechersk Monastery was Volyn, modern Belarus and modern Russia, then in 2nd half 17th century prevails the territory of the Hetmanate, to which Galicia joins (with the fall of the role of Volyn, Belarus and Russia).

And from here it naturally follows from the conclusion that Vvedensky synodikon reflected a certain stage in the formation of a Ukrainian Ukrainian nation with a center in Kiev.

Map of the Ljubech synodikon 1st half 18th century

The Ljubech synodikon, whose geographical names are concentrated within the Chernigov diocese, shows a completely different picture. This is a synodikon of local significance.

So, based on the definition of zones of influence, the synodikons can be divided into two groups: state-wide, in which are presented records from all (most) parts of the state, and local ones.