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Mykola Zharkikh (Kyiv)

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Dlugosz about Podillja case

Nicholas Zharkikh

Shortened text of the section. Full text in ukrainian version

According to J. Dlugosz, Podillja case several times occurred in clarifying relations between Poland and Lithuania.

Set out records for 1446 – 1464 years.


Although Dlugosz Chronicle continues for more than 15 years, there is no more mention about the case of Podillja. Conclusions can be made as follows:

1. The Grand Duke Sigismund, renouncing Podillja in 1432, probably did not know the "Tale of Podillja land" (in my opinion, it wrote a supporter Švitrigaila that left Vilno with all his works and continued to work somewhere in Belarus). In addition, Sigismund, who had just come to power (the document is exposed in 1.5 months after the coup), was forced to make concessions in order to retain the support of the Poles, which was very important to him.

2. During negotiations in 1446 – 1464 the Poles were based on written contracts and certificates of the grand dukes, and the Lithuanians did not bring any written documents. We cannot see any trace of a written memorandum on Podillja case from the Lithuanian side.

3. Moreover, the Lithuanians knew nothing on the Podillja in times Algirdas and Koriatovichs, even on a march Vytautas 1394. They knew about belonging Podillja to Lithuania started from the Vytautas time, that is from 1410 or 1411.

4. Poles, highlighting the history of Vytautas, also did not mention anything about Algirdas, or Koriatovichs, or campaign in 1394. Instead, they came up with the fable that King Casimir the third retake Podillja from Tatars, and he also supposedly founded the castles whose foundation "Tale of Podillja land" attributes Koriatovichs.

This fable was poorly justified, they could name only Spytko as first Polish elder on the Podillja (from 1395; and who ruled in Podillja previous – at least 25 years, 1370 – 1395?).

That is, in general, historical arguments did not reach deeper than late 14th cent. on both sides.

5. Poles in this dispute have accepted and endured delay tactics in the forms of leaving things to the next meeting, transfer it to the court of the king, or some committee, the nomination of counter-claims and counter-embassies. Poles did not pay any attention on Lithuanian threat of war, and were entirely right. Firstly, they did not believe in the seriousness of the war without a commander in chief who has to be the Grand Duke; second, the Lithuanians did not have on the territory of modern Ukraine any significant armed forces, and the Poles on the Podillja have certain forces.

Since the case delay in 18 years left the Podillja in Poland.